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Borderline personality disorder is a mental disorder that effects between 1 and 4% of the population some time during their lives. Symptoms typically appear in late adolescence or early adulthood, and the illness is more likely to be diagnosed in women than men. Women are about 3 times more likely to develop the disorder than men.
Borderline personality disorder is a disorder where the sufferer has difficulty processing emotions, managing emotions and impulses, and maintaining a stable self-image. Symptoms include low self-esteem, interpersonal sensitivity, self-consciousness or emotional detachment, anxiety about relationships and abandonment, impulsive behaviour, self-harm and suicidal threats, ideation and action, and moodiness or irritability.
Talk therapy with a psychologist or other clinician with training in evidence-based therapies is typically the first choice of treatment for borderline personality disorder. Generally, treatment involves one to two sessions a week. For therapy to be effective, people must feel comfortable with and trust their therapist.
Medication, via an experienced GP or psychiatrist, can also be useful to help manage significant depressive symptoms, agitation and other distressing manifestations of the disorder.
Some symptoms of borderline personality disorder are easier to treat than others. Fears that others might leave, intense, unstable relationships or feelings of emptiness are often hardest to change. Research shows that treatment is more effective in decreasing anger, suicide attempts and self-harm, as well as helping to improve overall functioning and social adjustment