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Schizophrenia is a long-term mental disorder that affects about 1% of the population. It involves a breakdown in the relationship between thought, emotion, and behaviour. It typically involves faulty perception and beliefs, known as hallucinations and delusions. These faulty perceptions and beliefs result in a withdrawal from reality, known as “psychosis”. Schizophrenia can also include a range of other symptoms such as a sense of mental fragmentation, flattened affect (a difficulty reading and expressing emotional cues) and cognitive deficit, which can mean a difficulty processing information from the exterior world.
Schizophrenia does not mean the individual has “multiple personalities”. Multiple personalities exist in another condition called “dissociative identity disorder”.